Oregon Treaty

The Oregon Country was a huge expanse of lightly inhabited territory north of Mexican California, south of Russian Alaska, and southwest of the British trapping lands of the Athabasca Country.

Gentlemen’s Agreement

The Gentlemen’s Agreement was an informal set of executive arrangements between the United States and Japan in 1907–08 that defused a hostile standoff over the results of Japanese labor migration to California.

Burlingame Treaty

The Burlingame Treaty between the United States and China (1868) granted “free migration and immigration” to the Chinese.