Immigration Appeal Board Act (Canada) (1967)

Following a broad government reorganization of the immigration bureaucracy in Canada, the Immigration Appeal Board Act was passed, creating the Immigration Appeal Board.

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA)

After many years of heated debate and the shock of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, in 2002 the Canadian parliament passed the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), replacing the Immigration Act of 1976.

Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of 1965 marked a dramatic change in American immigration policy, abandoning the concept of national quotas and establishing the basis for extensive immigration from the developing world.

Immigration Act (United States) (1990)

The Immigration Act of 1990 was the first major revision of U.S. immigration policy since the Immigration and Nationality Act (1965), which had been passed in the midst of the cold war.

Immigration Act (Literacy Act) (United States) (1917)

The Immigration Act of 1917, popularly known as the Literacy Act, marked a turning point in American immigration legislation.

Immigration Act (United States) (1907)

Both the general increase in the number of immigrants and the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901 fueled a growing nativism in the United States and in Congress during the first decade of the 20th century.

Immigration Act (United States) (1903)

In the wake of the assassination of President William McKinley by anarchist Leon Czolgosz in 1901, Congress began a thorough review of American immigration policy.

Immigration Act (United States) (1882)

Responding to dozens of petitions from states worried about the maintenance of indigent immigrants, Congress expanded the exclusion precedent set in the Page Act of 1875.

Immigration Act (United States) (1864)

The 1864 Immigration Act was designed to increase the flow of laborers to the United States during the disruptions of the Civil War (1861–65).

Immigration Act (Canada) (1976)

The Immigration Act of 1976 marked a significant shift in Canadian immigration policy in limiting the wide discretionary powers of the minister of manpower and immigration.

Immigration Act (Canada) (1952)

The Immigration Act of 1952 was the first new immigration legislation since 1910.

Immigration Act (Canada) (1919)

In the wake of World War I (1914–18; see World War I and immigration) and the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, and in the midst of an economic depression, the Canadian government amended its Immigration Act of 1910 to protect against subversive activities and to limit the entry of those who might become involved in them.

Immigration Act (Canada) (1910)

A number of orders-in-council and regulations pursuant to the 1906 Immigration Act were further codified in the Immigration Act of 1910, which granted the cabinet wide discretionary power to regulate all areas of immigration.

Immigration Act (Canada) (1906)

The capstone of Minister of the Interior Frank Oliver’s immigration policy, the Immigration Act of 1906 consolidated all Canadian immigrant legislation, thus making it easier for “the Department of Immigration to deal with undesirable immigrants.”

Immigration Act (Canada) (1869)

Seeking to encourage economic development in the new dominion, Canada’s first piece of immigration legislation was designed to attract productive immigrants.

Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA)

As part of a 1996 initiative to curb illegal immigration, the U.S. Congress passed the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA).

Empire Settlement Act (Canada) (1922)

With the dramatic decline of immigrant admissions and rise in alien deportations during World War I (1914–1918), the Canadian government tried several means of attracting agriculturalists and domestics.

Emergency Quota Act (United States) (1921)

Signed in May 1921, the Emergency Quota Act established the first ethnic quota system for selective admittance of immigrants to the United States.

Dominion Lands Act (Canada) (1872)

The Dominion Lands Act was designed to entice settlers to the western prairies of Canada by granting 160 acres of free land to anyone 21 years of age or older who paid a $10 registration fee, built a permanent residence, planted at least 30 acres of land, and lived on the land six consecutive months for three years.

Displaced Persons Act (United States) (1948)

Bills to assist central European refugees were brought before Congress in 1937 and 1939, but it was not found necessary to pass new legislation because the number of refugees could be accommodated under existing legislation.