Colombian immigration

The Colombian community in the United States is ethnically diverse and forms the largest immigrant group from South America.

Chinese immigration

The Chinese were the first large Asian group to settle in both the United States and Canada and proved integral to the economic development of the North American west.

Chilean immigration

The earliest migration of Chileans to the north came during the California gold rush of 1848–49, when some 7,000 immigrated to the United States, with most settling in San Francisco and Santa Clara Counties.

Cape Verdean immigration

Although Cape Verdeans have never constituted a large immigrant group in North America, they formed an important cog in the 19th-century Atlantic whaling industry before finally settling in New England.

Canadian immigration to the United States

From the earliest period of European settlement in North America in the 17th century, France and England both found it difficult to attract settlers to the cold northern colonies that eventually became Canada.

Cambodian immigration

There was virtually no Cambodian immigration to North America prior to 1975. As a result of the Vietnam War (1964–1975) and subsequent regional fighting, large numbers of Cambodians were granted refugee status by both the United States and Canada.

Bulgarian immigration

There were very few Bulgarian immigrants to North America prior to the 20th century, and they never constituted a major immigrant group.

British immigration

In the U.S. census of 2000, more than 67 million Americans claimed British descent (English, Irish, Scots, Scots-Irish, Welsh), while in the Canadian census of 2001, almost 10 million reported British ancestry.

Brazilian immigration

Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, few Brazilians immigrated to North America, as their country was actively promoting immigration to Brazil to develop the untapped resources of the country.

Bosnian immigration

Bosnians began to immigrate to North America around 1900, though their numbers remained small until the breakup of Yugoslavia and the resultant civil war in the early 1990s produced a flood of refugees.

Belgian immigration

Belgians were among the earliest settlers in colonial North America, although they immigrated in significant numbers only between 1820 and 1920. In the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 360,642 Americans and 129,780 Canadians claimed Belgian descent.

Basque immigration

The Basques make up a very small proportion of European immigration to North America. In the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 57,793 Americans and 2,715 Canadians claimed Basque descent, though the numbers probably underrepresent the actual figure.

Barbadian immigration

As the most densely populated island nation in the Caribbean Sea, Barbados has long experienced strong demographic pressures resulting in emigration.

Bangladeshi immigration

In the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 57,412 Americans and 13,080 Canadians claimed Bangladeshi descent, though the numbers are speculative.

Austrian immigration

In the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 735,128 Americans and 147,585 Canadians claimed Austrian ancestry.

Australian immigration

As a traditional country of reception for immigrants, large numbers of Australians never immigrated to North America.

Armenian immigration

Armenians first migrated to North America in large numbers following the massacres of 1894–95 at the hands of the Ottoman Empire.

Argentinean immigration

Argentineans first arrived in the United States and Canada in significant numbers during the 1960s, primarily seeking economic opportunities.

Arab immigration

The majority of Arabs in North America are the largely assimilated descendants of Christians who emigrated from the Syrian and Lebanese areas of the Ottoman Empire between 1875 and 1920.