Mennonite immigration

Old Order Mennonites were one of the few immigrant groups to maintain their distinctive identity across more than three or four generations after coming to North America.

Macedonian immigration

According to the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 38,051 Americans and 31,265 Canadians claimed Macedonian descent.

Lithuanian immigration

Lithuanian immigration to North America, spurred by economic opportunity and political oppression, has been the largest among the Baltic states.

Liberian immigration

Liberia traditionally was not an important source country for immigration to North America; however, political turmoil during the 1990s and into the 21st century and the region’s special relationship to the United States led to a significant increase in immigration.

Lebanese immigration

The Lebanese, among the earliest Middle Eastern immigrants to come to North America in significant numbers, formed the largest Arab ethnic group in both the United States and Canada.

Latvian immigration

According to the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 87,564 Americans and 22,615 Canadians claimed Latvian descent.

Laotian immigration

Laotian immigration to North America was almost totally the product of the Vietnam War (1964–75).

Korean immigration

Korean immigration to North America remained relatively small until U.S. and Canadian immigration reforms in the 1960s eliminated racial limitations on entrance.

Jewish immigration

The Jewish immigrant experience was unique in North American history.

Japanese immigration

For most of the 20th century, Japanese Americans formed the largest Asian ethnic group in the United States.

Jamaican immigration

Jamaicans are the largest West Indian immigrant group in Canada and the third largest in the United States, behind Puerto Ricans and Cubans.

Italian immigration

Italy was second only to Germany as a source country for immigrants to the United States after 1820.

Irish immigration

The Irish were the first of Europe’s many impoverished peoples to seek economic advantages in the New World in large numbers in the 19th century, providing one of the great immigration streams to both Canada and the United States.

Iraqi immigration

Unlike some other Muslim groups, Iraqis had little exposure to Western culture before immigrating to North America in the wake of the first Persian Gulf War (1991) and therefore had more difficulty assimilating.

Iranian immigration

During the 1990s, Iranians formed the largest immigrant group from the Middle East in both the United States and Canada.

Indian immigration

According to the 2000 U.S. census, 1,899,599 Americans claimed Asian Indian descent. Although most were Hindus and Muslims, almost 150,000 were Christians from southern India.

Icelandic immigration

Sharing a common North Atlantic heritage with Canada, Iceland became one of the few source countries to send more immigrants to Canada than to the United States.

Hutterite immigration

The Hutterian Brethren (Hutterites) are a communal Anabaptist Protestant sect that emigrated en masse from Russia to the United States in the 1870s.

Hungarian immigration

One of the largest ethnic immigrant groups of the great migration between 1880 and 1914, Hungarians built one of the most cohesive ethnic identities in the New World.

Huguenot immigration

French citizens who embraced the Protestant teachings of the 16th-century reformation were known as Huguenots.