Schwenkfelder immigration

The Schwenkfelders were a small, pietistic sect that emigrated from southern Germany and lower Silesia in the Austrian Empire beginning in 1731.

Salvadoran immigration

Salvadoran immigration to the United States is a new phenomenon, the product of a long civil war that decimated the country during the 1980s.

Russian immigration

Though Russia controlled parts of the modern United States and Canada, it left relatively little cultural mark during its early 19th-century settlement of the Pacific Northwest.

Romanian immigration

Most ethnic Romanians from the Ottoman, Austrian, and Russian Empires and the state of Romania came as laborers and peasants and sought work wherever they could find it in North America.

Quaker immigration

The Quakers, officially members of the Religious Society of Friends, were a pietistic Christian sect founded by George Fox in England in the 1640s.

Puerto Rican immigration

Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island commonwealth of the United States, located about 1,000 miles southeast of Miami.

Portuguese immigration

The Portuguese have a long tradition of migration—to Brazil, to North America, and to other European countries.

Polish immigration

Poles represent the largest eastern European immigrant group in the United States and the second largest in Canada, behind Ukrainians.

Pilgrims and Puritans

The Pilgrims and the Puritans were two theologically related Christian groups that developed within the Church of England in the 16th century.

Picture brides (mail-order brides)

This informal term refers to women who married single immigrant men they had never met but with whom they had exchanged photographs, usually through family intermediaries.

Peruvian immigration

Significant Peruvian immigration to North America began in the 1960s and reflects the unusually diverse ethnic heritage of South America’s third largest country.

Palestinian immigration

Palestinians are Arabs and generally were counted as part of Ottoman or Arab immigration figures prior to World War II (1939–45).

Pakistani immigration

Pakistanis only began to immigrate to North America in significant numbers since the mid-1960s, when immigration policies in both the United States and Canada abandoned racial quotas.

Pacific Islander immigration

The islands of the vast Pacific Ocean stretch over thousands of miles but have a small total population.

Norwegian immigration

Norway was the number one source country for Scandinavian immigration to North America, and second only to famine-ravaged Ireland in percentage of its population to immigrate.

Nigerian immigration

Nigeria is the number one source country for West African immigrants coming to the United States and is second to Ghana for immigration to Canada.

Nicaraguan immigration

As a result of an ongoing and integral U.S. involvement with the politics of Nicaragua from the 1850s, a unique set of circumstances has brought a variety of Nicaraguan immigrants to the United States.

New immigration

New immigration is a term principally applied to the United States, designating a shift in the most common immigrant groups.

Moroccan immigration

The Moroccan presence in North America was small until the 1950s. According to the U.S. census of 2000 and the Canadian census of 2001, 38,923 Americans and 21,355 Canadians claimed Moroccan descent.

Mexican immigration

Mexicans hold a unique position in the cultural history of the United States.