Tejanos most often refers to Mexican-origin residents of Texas, both native and foreign born, and the unique culture they created.

Proposition 187 (Save Our State Initiative)

Proposition 187 was a controversial California anti-immigration initiative approved by California voters on November 8, 1994.

La Raza Unida Party (LRUP)

The La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) was the first attempt to create a national political party to represent the rights of Mexican Americans.

Hispanic and related terms

The terms Hispanic and Latino have been broadly used to collectively designate the variety of minority groups in North America associated through a common use of the Spanish language.

Elian Gonzalez (1993– ) Cuban immigrant

Elián González became the focus of an intense public debate over America’s Cuban immigration policy after surviving a shipwreck in which his mother died during a November 1999 escape from Cuba.


The term Chicano is a politicocultural indicator of one’s identification as a pure-blood or mestizo (mixed race) descendant of the native peoples of the old Aztec homeland of Aztlán.

Bracero Program

Bracero, the Spanish word for “manual laborer,” is the name given to “temporary” Mexican laborers who entered the United States under congressional exemptions from otherwise restrictive immigration legislation.