Connecticut colony

The Connecticut colony, chartered by Charles II in 1662, was an outgrowth of the great Puritan migration of the 1630s.

Virginia colony

Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere (1607) and the core of what would later become the royal colony of Virginia (1624).


Ulster, situated in the northeastern portion of the island of Ireland, was one of the major Irish kingdoms of the medieval period.

Republic of Texas

The Republic of Texas (1836–45) was a unique experiment in creating a multiethnic state in the New World.

Roanoke colony

The Roanoke colony, established as a business venture by Sir Walter Raleigh, was the first English settlement in the New World.

Red River colony

The Red River colony, established by THOMAS DOUGLAS, Lord Selkirk, in 1812, was the first farming settlement in western British North America.


The Canadian province of Quebec is unique in North America in maintaining a predominantly French heritage, despite being surrounded by English-speaking areas that would eventually become the Canadian provinces of Ontario, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland and the U.S. states of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and New York.

Prince Edward Island

Ile-St.-Jean (Isle St. John) was claimed for France by SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN in 1603.

Pennsylvania colony

Frustrated with the proprietary politics in the New Jersey colony, William Penn founded Pennsylvania in 1681.

Nova Scotia

The peninsula of Nova Scotia was a continual source of conflict between France and Britain from the establishment of its first settlement by France at Port Royal (1605) until France was driven completely from North America in the Seven Years’ War (1756–1763).

New York colony

New Amsterdam, conquered by England in 1664, was the heart of the Dutch commercial empire in North America (New Netherland).

New Jersey colony

Originally part of the newly conquered territory of New Netherland, in 1664, New Jersey was granted by James, Duke of York (later James II) as a proprietary colony to John, Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.

New Hampshire colony

An early area of contention between France and England, the region of modern New Hampshire was gradually settled mainly by English immigrants and became a prime shipbuilding area for the British.

New France

New France was the name of the French colonial empire in North America.


Newfoundland comprises the island of Newfoundland and the nearby coast of the mainland region of Labrador.

New Brunswick

Europeans first settled the New Brunswick region of Canada in 1604, when Frenchmen SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN and Pierre du Gua, sieur de Monts, established a fur-trading settlement on St. Croix Island.

Massachusetts colony

Massachusetts was first settled by English Pilgrims...

Maryland colony

Maryland was the sixth English colony established on the North American mainland (1634).


The watershed and mouth of the Missouri-Mississippi River system became known as Louisiana and was from the earliest days of discovery considered strategically important by many European nations.