Plyler v. Doe (1982)

In its 1982 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the state of Texas had failed to support sufficiently its case for the legitimate right of the state to deny education to illegal immigrants.

Korematsu v. United States (1944)

In a controversial 6-3 decision, the United States Supreme Court ruled that Fred Korematsu, a U.S. citizen of Japanese descent, was guilty of violating a military ban on Japanese residence in various areas of California, pursuant to the provisions of Executive Order 9066.

Japanese internment, World War II

Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, Japanese Americans and Japanese Canadians were widely suspected as supporters of the aggressive militarism of the Japanese Empire.

Graham v. Richardson (1971)

According to this U.S. Supreme Court decision of 1971, the classification of “alien” is suspect under the Fourteenth Amendment.

Fourteenth Amendment (United States) (1868)

Proposed in 1865 and ratified in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States defined citizenship to include former slaves and to protect them from violations of their civil rights.

Civil Rights Act (United States) (1964)

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to discriminate in employment or the use of public facilities on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.

B’nai B’rith (Children of the Covenant)

B’nai B’rith is the largest Jewish service organization in the world, with 500,000 members in some 58 countries.

Anti-Defamation League (ADL)

The Anti-Defamation League (ADL), a branch of the Jewish service organization B’NAI B’RITH, is committed to fighting racial prejudice and bigotry.