Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA)
President Bill Clinton did not favor many of the harshest elements of the measure and sought to reverse them through vigorous promotion of the U.S.-Mexican Binational Commission and its Working Group on Immigration and Consular Affairs. Clinton also strongly supported passage of the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA), which effectively granted amnesty to many Central American refugees whose status had remained ambiguous since the 1980s civil war in Nicaragua. In 1999, the Supreme Court let stand lower court rulings allowing appeal to the courts. The harsher provisions of the IIRIRA led to introduction in Congress of a bill called the Restoration of Fairness in the Immigration Act of 2000, which sought to eliminate retroactive consideration of minor crimes and to provide for adequate judicial review of judgments. As of mid-2004, the proposed act remained in committee.